31 December 2016 One of my favorite literary expressions is the term ‘Parthian shaft.’ It refers to the favored tactic of the Parthians, a Persian people, of turning while on horseback and firing arrows while retreating. The Roman consul Crassus, who defeated Spartacus, may have died from such a Parthian […]


April 30, 2016 During the 1973 Arab-Israeli War, Syrian forces had surprised Israel and were fast approaching the edge of the steep Golan Heights, captured by Israel during the 1967 war. It seemed as if Syrian armor and infantry would retake Golan, then pour down into Israeli Galilee. Soviet recon […]


April 11, 2015    The deal reached in Lausanne, Switzerland by Iran and five powers, led by the US, appears to be about nuclear capability.   In fact, the real issue was not nuclear weapons, which Iran does not now possess, but Iran’s potential geopolitical power.   Iran, a nation of 80.8 […]